The lead up to any celebration with fireworks, such as New Years Eve, Diwali and particular Bonfire Night, can be a very traumatic time for many dogs. The loud bangs and flashes created by fireworks can often be very frightening for them, making them stressed and unpredictable, potentially putting their safety at risk.
80 per cent of owners notice a change in their dogs behaviour during fireworks season and nearly half (48 per cent) say that their dogs are scared by them. If you know your dog is frightened by fireworks then you can help by planning ahead and taking steps to make your dog feel calm, safe and secure.
Go straight to our advice on how to help your dog.
Why do fireworks scare dogs?
Fireworks can be frightening to dogs because of the loud bangs, the flashing lights and unpleasant strong smell of spent explosives. With multiple bangs occurring from numerous displays, dogs will rarely be able to pinpoint where the booming explosions are coming from. Not knowing what an explosion is, where it’s coming from, or where and when the next one is going to be must be truly terrifying for some dogs.
Are fireworks too loud for dogs?
Can dogs be traumatized by fireworks?
It’s natural for a dog to be wary of loud noises, particularly if they don’t know what the noise is, or where it’s coming from. Evolution has hard-wired dogs with incredible survival instincts, and loud unexpected noises can trigger a fight-or-flight response. Your dog’s reaction to loud noises is largely determined by their personality and past experiences. If your dog was scared by fireworks once, then chances are, they will remember it and be scared again.
Are some dogs more scared of fireworks than others?
Check your microchipping details
Early October is a particularly good time of year to make sure that your dog's microchip details are up to date and that they are wearing a collar and ID tag. If you think there's going to be fireworks going off near you, and you know your microchip details are not up-to-date, its important to get them corrected as soon as possible.
Dogs can react very badly to the unfamiliar sights and sounds of fireworks. Statistics show that in previous years there has been a rise in calls to the Petlog lost pet line at the end of October and beginning of November. It can never be stressed enough how important it is to make sure your details are kept up to date. Currently 53 per cent of microchips have incorrect owner details, meaning that if a pet goes missing many dogs may not be able to be returned to their owners.
For more information on microchipping, visit Petlog.
Research fireworks displays near you
Check where and when fireworks displays are being held in your local area, so that you know when to expect fireworks. Also ask your neighbours to let you know if they are planning any unofficial displays of their own to help you prepare.
How to prepare your dog for fireworks in advance
In the weeks or even months leading up to 'fireworks season' you can help your dog become used to loud noises by acclimatising them to the sound of fireworks. There are many noise CDs on the market, plenty of downloadable content or you could try playing our Spotify playlist (see below) to introduce your dog to these sounds in a controlled way.
Warning: If your pet is severely noise phobic, sound CDs or playlists may make the situation worse and it may be a good idea to speak to an experienced animal behaviourist. Kennel Club Accredited Instructors are experienced in different aspects of dog training and behaviour.
Listen to sounds of fireworks
It's important that you don't play these sounds loudly to your dog straight away. Getting your dog used to the noise of fireworks will take time and patience, so please follow our guidance in the tab below.
Advice on how to use this playlist
- Play our Spotify fireworks playlist (see above), find other downloadable content or purchase a CD of firework sounds
- Settle your dog in a quiet room where you won’t be disturbed. Ideally somewhere your dog feels safe.
- Start by playing the firework noises very quietly. The first time you do this it should be so quiet that you can only just hear it. This shouldn’t cause your dog any distress.
- If at any point your dog shows signs of stress, such as panting, licking their lips, pacing or pinning their ears back, then stop and consider contacting a Kennel Club Accredited Instructor for advice
- While the noises play, give them treats, play with them and give them lots of positive attention. Over time you want your dog to begin to associate the noise of the fireworks with something positive.
- Play the noises for just a few minutes at a time and then stop and do something different in another room.
- Repeat this, either several times a day for at least a couple of weeks, or several times a week for several months. This process can’t be rushed and the more time you give your dog time to get used to these noises, the better.
- Each time you play the noises, turn up the volume a little. If your dog doesn’t seem happy then stop the noises straight away. If this happens, it’s possible that you may be progressing too quickly for them, so try it a little quieter again next time.
- Even once your dog is comfortable with the noises on your playlist, it’s possible that hearing real fireworks might still be stressful. During fireworks it’s important to try to keep your dog feeling safe and relaxed and to distract them with something positive, such as a treat, a game or plenty of affection. Find out more on how to keep your dog calm during fireworks.
Before the fireworks begin - helping your dog cope
- Top up your dog’s water bowl. Anxious dogs pant more and become thirsty.
- Feed your dog a while before you expect any disturbances. Once the fireworks start, your dog may be too anxious to eat.
- Walk your dog before dusk. It may be some time before it’s safe for your dog to venture outside and relieve themselves.
- Always make sure that your garden is escape proof, just in case a firework goes off when you take them into the garden to go to the toilet.
- Make sure you shut all doors and windows in your home and don’t forget to draw the curtains. This will block out any scary flashes of light and reduce the noise level of fireworks. Don’t forget to block off cat flaps to stop dogs (and cats) escaping.
- Make a safe den for your dog to retreat to if they feel scared. You could drape a thick duvet over the top of it to make it more sound proof, but make sure that the duvet is secure and can't fall on to your dog. Fill the den with their favourite blankets, toys, or an item of unwashed clothing to help them feel more secure.
- If your dog has been very scared of fireworks before then talk to your vet about possible medications or products that can help reduce your dog's anxiety.
How do I calm my dogs down during fireworks?
- Distract your dog from the noise by having the TV or the radio switched on. If you're going to play music loudly, then make sure it's music that you're dog is familiar with and has heard you play before. You don't want your dog to link their fear of fireworks with a new type of music.
- Try to act and behave as normal, as your dog will pick up on any odd behaviour. Remain calm, happy and cheerful as this will send positive signals to your dog.
- Your dog might choose to hide under the bed or behind furniture; if they come to you for comfort, make sure that you give it to them. Ignoring your dog would only make things worse as they wouldn’t understand your withdrawal from them.
- Always reward calm behaviour with dog treats or playing.
- Never try to force your dog to face their fears – they’ll just become more frightened.
- Never try and tempt them out if they do retreat, as this may cause more stress.
- Never tell your dog off. This will only make your pet more distressed. It is important to remember that it is natural for a dog to be scared of loud noises and unfamiliar sights and sounds.
- If you need to open the front door, shut your dog safely inside a room first.
Can dogs go to fireworks displays?
Also, never tie your dog up outside while fireworks are being let off
What can I give to calm my dog for fireworks anxiety?
Tried everything? Ask for help from a behaviourist
We recommend speaking to a dog behaviourist in your area about any potential behavioural issues that may arise around this time of year, as they are experts in the field. They can offer invaluable advice which will help to safeguard the health and happiness of your dog and make sure their experience of Bonfire Night is as positive as possible.
Think your dog may be affected?
If you're worried about your dog's health, always contact your vet immediately!
We're not a veterinary organisation and so we can't give veterinary advice, but if you're worried about any of the issues raised in this article, please contact your local vet practice for further information.
Find a vet near you
If you're looking for a vet practice near you why not visit the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons' Find a vet page.