Pomeranian illustration
Toy

Pomeranian

The smallest spitz and a favourite of Queen Victoria

Breed characteristics

Size
Small
Exercise
Up to 30 minutes per day
Size of home
Flat/ Apartment
Grooming
More than once a week
Coat length
Medium
Sheds
Yes
Lifespan
Over 12 years
Vulnerable native breed
No
Town or country
Either
Size of garden
No garden

About this breed

The Pomeranian is the smallest of the spitz breed and was bred down from the German Spitz, which is found in the Utility Group. The breed was first seen in the UK in 1870 and became a great favourite of Queen Victoria whose dogs were exhibited at dog shows in London. Royal patronage played no small part in popularising the breed, aided by its dainty appearance and extrovert character.

Read the breed standard

Images for this breed

The Toy breed group

The Toy breeds are small companion or lap dogs. Many of the Toy breeds were bred for this capacity although some have been placed into this category simply due to their size. They should have friendly personalities and love attention. They do not need a large amount of exercise and some can be finicky eaters.

 

Breed standard colours

Breed standard colour means that the colour is accepted within the breed standard and is a traditional and well-known colour in this breed.

Breed standard colours in this breed include:

  • Beaver
  • Black
  • Blue
  • Chocolate
  • Cream
  • Orange
  • White
  • Orange Sable
  • Wolf Sable
  • Shaded Sable
  • Parti Colour

Non-breed-standard colours

Non-breed-standard colour means that the colour is not accepted within the breed standard and whilst some dogs within the breed may be this colour, it is advised to only select a dog that fits within the breed standards for all points.

Colour is only one consideration when picking a breed or individual dog. Health and temperament should always be a priority over colour.

Non-breed-standard colours in this breed include:

  • Cream Sable (NBS)
  • Black and Tan (NBS)
  • Blue and Tan (NBS)
  • Black and Silver (NBS)
  • Black with white markings (NBS)
  • Blue with white markings (NBS)
  • Chocolate with white markings (NBS) 
  • Cream with white markings (NBS)
  • Orange with white markings (NBS) 
  • Orange Sable with white markings (NBS) 
  • Wolf Sable with white markings (NBS)
  • Shaded Sable with white markings (NBS)

Education notes

Orange (including red orange, light orange, bright orange)

Orange Sable (including red orange sable, light orange sable, bright orange sable)

Parti Colour (Any whole colour or sable evenly marked patches on White eg Black & White Parti, Red Orange & White Parti, Blue & White Parti Orange Sable and White Parti etc.)

Other colour/s

'Other' means you consider your puppy to be a colour not currently known within the breed and one that does not appear on either the breed standard or non-breed-standard list. In this instance you would be directed through our registration process to contact a breed club and/or council to support you on identifying and correctly listing the new colour.

Health

Whether you’re thinking of buying a puppy, or breeding from your dog, it’s essential that you know what health issues may be found in your breed. To tackle these issues we advise that breeders use DNA tests, screening schemes and inbreeding coefficient calculators to help breed the healthiest dogs possible.

More about health

Important health schemes and tests

We strongly recommend that all breeders, both assured breeders (ABs) and non ABs, use the following schemes, tests and advice.

Currently there are no additional health screening schemes or DNA tests for this breed. You may want to speak to your breeder, vet or local breed club about any health issues in the breed.

Find out about a particular dog's results

Please visit our Health Test Results Finder to discover the DNA or screening scheme test results for any dog on The Kennel Club's Breed Register.

You can also view the inbreeding coefficient calculation for a puppy's parents, or for a dog you're thinking of breeding from.

Have any questions about health in your breed?

If you have any concerns about a particular health condition in your breed then you may wish to speak to your vet or you could contact your breed health co-ordinator.

Breed health co-ordinators are individuals working on behalf of breed clubs and councils who are advocates for the health and welfare of their chosen breed. They acts as a spokesperson on matters of health and will collaborate with The Kennel Club on any health concerns the breed may have.

Contact the breed health co-ordinator for the Pomeranian.

Breed watch

Category 2

Particular points of concern for individual breeds may include features not specifically highlighted in the breed standard including current issues. In some breeds, features may be listed which, if exaggerated, might potentially affect the breed in the future.

Read more

Breeding restrictions

There are a number of The Kennel Club's rules and regulations that may prevent a litter from being registered, find out about our general and breed specific breeding restrictions below.

More about breeding

There are not currently any additional breed specific restrictions in place for this breed.

More information

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