- Up to 30 minutes per day
- Size of home
- Flat/ Apartment
- Once a week
- Coat length
- Over 12 years
- Vulnerable native breed
- Town or country
- Size of garden
- Small/ medium garden
There is evidence that the breed goes back to the time of the Han Dynasty in China, where there were larger types of the breed used for hunting. Here is another example of the miniaturisation of a sporting breed. The name of the breed describes the coat pattern of the hairless variety – a crest of fine hair running from the head and down the neck to the withers. Socks of hair cover the toes and a fine plume adorns the end of the tail. The full coated 'Powder Puff' variety is covered entirely by a fine veil of hair.
Images for this breed
The Toy breed group
The Toy breeds are small companion or lap dogs. Many of the Toy breeds were bred for this capacity although some have been placed into this category simply due to their size. They should have friendly personalities and love attention. They do not need a large amount of exercise and some can be finicky eaters.
Breed standard colours
Breed standard colour means that the colour is accepted within the breed standard and is a traditional and well-known colour in this breed.
Breed standard colours in this breed include:
- Black & White
- Blue & White
- Brown & White
- Cream & White
- Cream Sable
- Fawn & White
- Gold & White
- Mahogany & Cream
- Mahogany & White
- Pink & Blue
- Red & White
- Sable & White
'Other' means you consider your puppy to be a colour not currently known within the breed and one that does not appear on either the breed standard or non-breed standard list. In this instance you would be directed through our registrations process to contact a breed club and/or council to support you on identifying and correctly listing the new colour.
Non-breed-standard colour means that the colour is not accepted within the breed standard and whilst some dogs within the breed may be this colour it is advised to only select a dog that fits within the breed standards for all points.
Colour is only one consideration when picking a breed or individual dog, health and temperament should always be a priority over colour.
Whether you’re thinking of buying a puppy, or breeding from your dog, it’s essential that you know what health issues may be found in your breed. To tackle these issues we advise that breeders use DNA tests, screening schemes and inbreeding coefficient calculators to help breed the healthiest dogs possible.
More about health
Important health schemes and tests
We strongly recommend that all breeders, both assured breeders (ABs) and non ABs, use the following (or equivalent) schemes, tests and advice.
- DNA test – PLL - part of The Kennel Club’s DNA Testing Services* (see below). Find lists of tested dogs
- DNA test – prcd-PRA - part of The Kennel Club’s DNA Testing Services* (see below). Find lists of tested dogs
- Check inbreeding calculators
*The Kennel Club’s DNA Testing Services - simple to use and easy to organise all-in-one DNA tests
The DNA tests listed above marked with an asterisk (*) are included in our DNA Testing Services. This includes:
- PLL (Primary lens luxation)
- prcd-PRA (Progressive retinal atrophy)
- DNA profile (SNP ISAG 2020)
Kennel Club Assured breeders and Kennel Club Accredited Instructors receive a 10% discount.
Find out more about our DNA Testing Services.
Find out about a particular dog's results
Please visit our Health Test Results Finder to discover the DNA or screening scheme test results for any dog on The Kennel Club's Breed Register.
You can also view the inbreeding coefficient calculation for a puppy's parents, or for a dog you're thinking of breeding from.
Have any questions about health in your breedHealth (The Kennel Club)
Particular points of concern for individual breeds may include features not specifically highlighted in the breed standard including current issues. In some breeds, features may be listed which, if exaggerated, might potentially affect the breed in the future.
There are a number of The Kennel Club's rules and regulations that may prevent a litter from being registered, find out about our general and breed specific breeding restrictions below.
More about breeding
The option to select Powder Puff is available when registering a litter online. For any paper applications, a note should be made next to the relevant puppy or in the form of an accompanying letter. If registered as such, the wording Powder Puff will appear after the breed name on the registration certificate and noted in the Breed Records Supplement.
Need to find out more about a breed?
Use our Find a Club service where you can locate breed clubs that can offer support and advice.
Use our Find a Puppy service
The Kennel Club's Find a Puppy service provides contact details for breeders who have puppies available. Let's help you find your new best friend.
Get the best lifetime pet insurance
At Kennel Club Pet Insurance, we want you to focus on getting the best possible treatment for your dog without worrying about the cost.