Medium dogs' diet

Black dog eating from a bowl

Although medium-sized dogs might all look as though they're a similar size, there will be many factors that will affect the nutritional requirements of your dog. There are breed variations even within the medium-sized dog group. Differences in body size, metabolism, age and energy requirements all influence the type of nutrition your dog needs. Providing your dog with sufficient amounts of the appropriate food throughout their life will help to keep them in good health and at an ideal body weight and condition. 

Dogs have natural protective systems that support their health throughout their life. These are the immune and digestive systems and the barrier provided by their skin and coat. These systems must work together in harmony to support their overall health. If the performance of one is less than 100%, it can lead to problems with their whole system. Each one of these protective systems can only perform efficiently at 100% when supplied with optimal levels of essential nutrients, which is why food selection is an important factor. Food can help support their immune, digestive, skin and coat systems.

Feeding your medium breed puppy/dog

When selecting food for your dog, you must ensure it is appropriate for them considering their age, activity level, breed and any medical conditions. There are a few more considerations when selecting food for your medium sized dog:

  • Kibble size. When selecting food for your dog, consider the size of the kibble. A larger kibble will encourage your dog to eat more slowly. It will also aid in the digestive process and help with keeping your dog’s teeth clean. Ensure that the kibble is not so large that they struggle to eat the food
  • Portion size. Always use the manufacturer's feeding guide on the food packaging and ensure that all food is weighed out. If you find that your dog still seems hungry or is putting on weight, check with your vet to ensure that you are feeding the correct type of diet and that the number of calories is suitable for your dog


Activities for your medium-breed dog

Exercising your dog is a huge part of responsible dog ownership and going for a walk should be part of their daily routine. As with their diet, the type of exercise should be tailored appropriately to your dog and your lifestyle.

Activity levels among dogs vary according to many factors. It is important to tailor the type of activity, intensity and amount of time being active to the individual dog. Puppies and senior dogs especially do not need long walks of high intensity and are more suited to shorter walks more often.   Other types of activities, such as scent games, agility and flyball, can provide mental stimulation along with providing exercise. Hydrotherapy is also beneficial and can be excellent for building stamina and improving fitness.

For more information on the exercise requirements for your breed of dog, please refer to our Breeds A to Z. Alternatively, you can ask your vet or veterinary physiotherapist for advice.


Feeding your medium dog requires you to keep certain points in mind when choosing a diet for them. Correct portion size and the correct kibble size are all important factors to maintaining a healthy body condition score. Due to the nutritional requirements of medium dogs, it is a good idea to get a dog food that’s been specifically formulated to their size and life stage.

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