Last updated January 2014

A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch information related to this breed for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However, if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as highly undesirable, it must not be rewarded in the show ring.

General appearance

Orange-red parti-coloured dog with a nearly square body with length slightly more than height at shoulders. High head carriage. An untrimmed coat with well-feathered tail.


Temperament friendly, good natured and alert. A sporting and companion dog whose purpose is to work as a duck decoy and control vermin. Self confident, keen, swift and tough.

Head and skull

Skull moderately curved. Length of skull and muzzle approximately equal. Stop clearly visible in profile but not too deep. Muzzle slightly wedge shaped, not too deep. Well filled under the eye. Lips close fitting and well pigmented. Nose black.


Deep brown, almond-shaped, surrounded by orange-red hair. Black eye rims. Friendly and alert expression.


Medium sized, set just above eye level; pendant, carried close to the cheeks without fold, never flying. Well feathered, black tips (‘ear rings’) which develop with age, highly desirable.


Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.


Well muscled, of moderate length. A slightly heavier coat around the neck is highly desirable.


Well-laid shoulder with upper arm well angulated and of approximately equal length. Elbow lies close to the body. Strong, slightly sloping pasterns. Forelegs straight, of sufficient bone, moderately feathered.


Length of body from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly longer than height at withers. Strong, level back. Chest reaching to the elbows with well-sprung ribs. Sufficiently developed forechest. Slight tuck up.


Strong and well muscled, moderately well angulated and hind legs parallel when viewed from the rear. Slightly sloping croup. Hocks well let down. Well feathered to mid-thigh.


Small, compact and slightly oval.


Tail set follows line of croup, reaching to the hock. Carried at or above the level of the back. Never curled. Well feathered with white plume.


Flowing and springy with good extension and rear drive.


Medium long, slightly waved or straight; not curled, close fitting. Hair texture not too fine, well developed undercoat. The coat on the head, front part of the legs and the feet should be short. Well-feathered tail, moderate feathering to underline and back of legs; never below the hocks.


Patches of clear orange-red on white with orange-red predominating on body. White blaze preferred. A few black hairs intermingling with the orange-red colour and slight ticking are acceptable but less desirable. A black tail ring, where the colour changes to white, is permitted.


Height: dogs 37-42 cms (14½-16½ ins); bitches 35-40 cms (14-16 ins).


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Note for prospective puppy buyers

Size – The Kennel Club breed standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the size measurements stated in the breed standard.