A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.
From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch information related to this breed for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable, it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.
Medium size dog of spitz type with a wide variation of colours. Balanced, well constructed, slightly longer than high.
Devoted family companion.
Self assured, calm, and of even temperament. Bonds strongly with its family. Reserved with strangers without any signs of aggression.
Head and skull
Wedge shaped viewed from above and in profile. Flat skull of moderate width. Distinct frontal furrow and well-defined occiput. Barely defined stop. Parallel planes to foreface and skull which are approximately equal in length. Cheeks barely pronounced. Tapering muzzle neither too coarse nor too pointed. Black, medium-sized nose.
Dark, oval, slightly slanting and medium size, neither deep set nor protruding. Close-fitting, black pigmented rims.
Medium size, triangular, with slightly rounded tips. Carried pricked. Set apart about the width of the base of an ear. Tips of ears and stop almost form an equilateral triangle.
Lips close fitting with black pigmentation. Strong broad lower jaw. Perfect regular and complete scissor or level bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping or meeting lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Well set on, well muscled and of medium length. Without throatiness.
Well muscled. Medium boned. Legs straight and parallel when viewed from the front. Shoulders slightly sloping. Moderate angulation. Upper arm of approximately equal length to forearm. Elbows held close to the chest. Pasterns strong and slightly sloping.
Length of body from point of shoulder to point of buttock greater than height at the well-defined withers. Back firm and straight with good length and width of loin. Croup broad, level and strong. Oval-shaped ribcage reaching to elbows. Forechest well developed without exaggeration. Sternum extending well back. Slight tuck up.
Legs straight and parallel when seen from behind. Strongly muscled upper and lower thighs of almost equal length. Moderate turn of stifle. Sound, strong hocks turning neither in nor out. Rear pasterns of good length, vertical when viewed from the side.
Oval, tight with moderately arched toes. Firm, well-cushioned, black pigmented pads with thick hair between. Strong, dark pigmented nails.
High set. Round and firm, of good thickness, tapering towards the tip. Carried forward, curved or curled over the back or to one side. When at rest and if hanging down, would reach the hocks.
Moves with strides of moderate length. Straight coming and going.
Harsh topcoat of medium length, loosely lying, with thick undercoat. Shorter on muzzle, face, ears and front of legs. The tail and backs of legs well feathered with long hair. Coat on neck slightly longer than on body without forming a mane. Tight, well-pigmented skin.
All colours, and colour combinations are permitted, with the exception of white patches on body, pure white, liver or merle.
Height at withers: dogs 52-60cms (20½ -23½ ins), bitches 48-56 cms (19-22 ins). Weight: dogs 23-32 kg (51-70½ lbs), bitches 18-26 kg (40-57 lbs).
Ideal height and weight: dogs 56cm (22ins), 26 kg (57 lbs), bitches 52 cms (20½ ins), 22 kg (48½ lbs).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
*Note for prospective puppy buyers
Size – The Kennel Club breed standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the size measurements stated in the breed standard.