Last updated April 2018

A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch information related to this breed for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However, if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as highly undesirable, it must not be rewarded in the show ring.

General appearance

Rough coated, sturdy in build with a mischievous monkey-like expression. Although small, not delicate in any way.


Lively and self confident, carrying itself with a comic seriousness.


Loyal and loving companion; watchful of strangers and fearless toward aggressors.

Head and skull

Fairly small in proportion to body; domed forehead, broad brow and marked stop which is not indented. Muzzle blunt and short but not flattened sufficiently to cause difficulty in breathing or wrinkling of skin. Wide open nostrils. Chin prominent with good turn up. Distance between dark eyes and black nose forming an equal sided triangle.


Round, very dark and sparkling. Medium in size and not protruding.


Small, set high, forward facing. Symmetrical, either semi-erect, drop or erect.


Slightly undershot. Broad lower jaw with incisors in a straight line. Teeth or tongue not showing when the mouth is closed.


Short and straight. Skin of throat tight and unwrinkled.


Front legs straight, elbows neither in nor out, carried close to sides.


Back short and straight. Height at withers about equal to length of body measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock. Well-sprung ribs with chest not too deep, combined with only a slight tuck-up at loin giving a sturdy appearance. Croup falls away very slightly to the tail set.


Hindlegs well set under body without excessive angulation.


Small, round and compact turning neither in nor out. Pads and nails dark.


Set high and carried high, left a natural length to curve gently over back when moving.


A lively, strutting movement. Lifting feet high when in motion, with no hint of hackneyed action or plaiting.


Correct coat needs no trimming, rough and harsh in texture, short and dense on some parts of body and shaggy on others. In particular, longer on shoulders, neck and head where loose shaggy hair stands away from skull framing eyes, nose and chin giving desired monkey-like appearance.


Black. Grey shading permissible.


Height 24-28 cms (9½ -11 ins).


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Note for prospective puppy buyers

Size – The Kennel Club breed standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the size measurements stated in the breed standard.