Health Information

Canine Health Issues

As you are aware, some breeds of dog (and crossbreeds too) can be susceptible to inherited disease. DNA tests for diseases in purebred dogs are available for some conditions in some breeds. Whilst there are not a large number of such tests as yet, more are being developed on an increasingly regular basis as scientists gain a fuller understanding of canine genomics. There are also a number of other clinical veterinary screening schemes that dog breeders can use to increase the probability of producing healthy puppies.

Advice to give to Puppy Buyers

Puppy buyers should be made aware that, at present, the application of various health screening results to breeding programmes is not always straightforward, and breeders may make choices in which dogs to use for various reasons. A responsible breeder though, will always be willing to discuss relevant health issues with a buyer. Breed clubs are often useful sources of breed-specific information.

Advice to give to Breeders

Breeders of pure bred dogs have a real opportunity to address these inherited diseases and reduce their prevalence, because it is the breeder that decides which sire is to be mated to which dam to produce a litter of puppies. It is thus possible, where screening schemes are available, for breeders to screen all of their potential breeding stock for signs of these inherited diseases, before they are bred from, and then use the results to formulate breeding programmes to reduce the prevalence of the diseases in future generations. Putting all of the potential breeding stock through these health screening schemes gives breeders a better understanding of the kind of genes a particular dog carries and thus avoid producing clinically affected puppies.

Details of the various screening schemes, both veterinary and DNA, that are available to breeders in the UK can be found at

What about Health Issues?

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Tests included in this breeds package:

• Icthyosis (ICT-A)

• Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GR_PRA1)

• Progressive Retinal Atrophy (GR_PRA2)

CombiBreed identifies whether your dog has any genetic material linked to a range of the most significant inherited conditions specific to your breed. We work with researchers, vets and experts from breed clubs to determine which health tests are the most important for each breed and we collaborate with our trusted scientific partner, Weatherbys, to bring you a quality and trusted service in a largely unregulated industry.

Find out more about CombiBreed at

Schemes or advice relevant to this breed

The following schemes, tests and/ or advice are mandatory requirements for Kennel Club Assured Breeders. All other breeders are strongly advised to use these schemes, tests and/ or advice.

BVA/KC Hip Dysplasia Scheme
Eye testing
BVA/KC Elbow Dysplasia Scheme

It is strongly recommended that both Kennel Club Assured Breeders and non-Kennel Club Assured Breeders should use the following schemes, tests and/ or advice.

Bitches under 18 months not to produce a litter
Bitches not to produce more than one litter in a 12-month period

The following other schemes, tests and/ or advice are available and should also be considered.

DNA test - GR_PRA1
DNA test - GR_PRA2
DNA test - ICT-A
BVA/KC/ISDS Gonioscopy

The list above is not necessarily comprehensive, other available health tests can be found at or for further advice please contact your local breed club.

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