Breeding advice

All dogs are at risk of inheriting diseases, regardless of whether they are purebred or crossbred dogs. A substantial amount of research has been carried out to analyse these diseases by investigating important factors, such as what causes them, which breeds may be affected and how the disease is inherited. Funding into this type of research has enabled the development of tests and screening schemes, and resources which allow breeders to help reduce the number of affected dogs and eventually eradicate these conditions.

Complex diseases with no test
If a DNA test or health scheme is not available and it is not known if, or how, a condition is inherited, what can you do if you are concerned about a condition in the breed?
The conformation of a dog refers to its overall structure and appearance. Ensuring that a dog is bred to have moderate, and not exaggerated conformation, is one of the many important factors for you to consider, but how is this best achieved?
Deafness (BAER testing)
Congenital deafness (deafness at birth) is usually inherited and linked to abnormal genes. Find out the breeding options you have for your BAER tested dog here.
DNA testing
DNA tests allow you to check a dog’s genetic status for simple inherited disorders. Find out how to breed from your DNA tested dog here.
Elbow dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia is a condition where the elbow joint does not develop correctly. If your dog has been graded under the BVA/KC scheme, find out how to use the results to reduce the risk of producing puppies that develop elbow dysplasia.
Estimated Breeding Values
EBVs help you determine the genetic risk of each dog passing on genes for hip and elbow dysplasia and are a more accurate indicator than using hip or elbow scores alone. Find out how best to use your dog’s EBV results.
Eye disease
The BVA/KC/International Sheep Dog Society Eye Scheme screens for inherited eye disease in certain breeds, allowing you to use the information to reduce the frequency of eye disease in future generations.
Heart testing for Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
A new heart scheme for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has been developed by the Kennel Club and Veterinary Cardiovascular Society.
Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia is a condition where the hip joint does not develop correctly. If your dog has been graded under the BVA/KC scheme find out how to reduce the risk of producing puppies that go on to develop hip dysplasia.
Inbreeding – using COIs
The coefficient of inbreeding (COI) helps you determine how related two dogs are before breeding from them. Find out what your COI results mean and how best to use them.
Managing Genetic diversity
There are a number of ways in which breeders can help preserve genetic diversity and minimise inbreeding, find out some of the ways here.
Respiratory Function Grading Scheme (for breathing problems in flat-faced dogs)
The Kennel Club and University of Cambridge Respiratory Function Grading Scheme helps breeders of French Bulldogs, Pugs and Bulldogs lower the risk of producing puppies affected by breathing problems.
Syringomyelia (BVA/KC CM/SM Scheme)
The BVA/KC CM/SM Scheme allows you to reduce the risk of puppies you breed developing syringomyelia. Find out how to breed responsibly from your screened dog.

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