Screening Scheme Description

DNA test - CC/DE
Curly Coat/ Dry Eye

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Details about the disease

The condition affects a dog’s skin and eyes. Affected dogs are unable to produce tears due to the lack of watery secretions from the lacrimal glands, making their eyes very sore. Their skin becomes very dry and flaky, particularly around the foot, and this can make walking and standing difficult and painful.

Clinical signs

For curly coat - A dry and an unusually curly coat are apparent at birth. Excessive oiliness, skin deterioration and inflammation are effects of this syndrome.

For dry eye - dogs show their discomfort by rubbing their eyes, squinting and being sensitive to light. Eye(s) may be inflamed and reddened, or the cornea may appear dry and dull. There is commonly a thick mucousy discharge in the eye or in the area around the eye.

How it is inherited

The disease is described as a recessive condition. This means that a dog must inherit two copies of an abnormal gene (one from its mother and one from its father) before its health is affected. A dog that inherits only one copy of the abnormal gene (from its mother or its father) will have no signs of the disease, but will be a carrier and may pass the gene on to any offspring.

Which laboratories test for this condition?

A list of laboratories and DNA tests can be found at the following link

How to responsibly breed from your DNA tested dog

If, once your dog is DNA tested, you would like to find out what their DNA test results mean, or how to select the right mate to avoid producing affected puppies, then please read our breeding advice and information on the following link

How to find out if a potential mate has been DNA tested

The Kennel Club’s “Health Test Results Finder” allows you to find the results of DNA tests carried out as part of official Kennel Club DNA testing schemes for any dog on the Kennel Club’s breed register. To access this free health tool, please follow this link


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