Breed Standard

Last updated June 2001

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website here http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/services/public/breed/watch for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.

General Appearance

Typical spitz dog with thick neck and broad chest, well boned legs of medium length. Majestic and powerful physique that is built for hard work, not speed.

Characteristics

Sled dog capable of surviving in extreme temperatures and pulling weights of 45-80 kgs (99-176lbs) per dog over 15-70 miles a day on snow, or carrying 15 kgs (33lbs) as pack dog in summer. Also used to locate game and hold it at bay.

Temperament

Reflects tough, hard working function. When mature, affectionate, enjoying attention. Pack orientated with extremely rapid response to outside stimulus.

Head and Skull

Large, well proportioned, broad and wedge shaped. Tapered muzzle of medium length. Females have much narrower skull than males.

Eyes

Never round or bulging. Widely spaced, obliquely set. Generally dark but hazel and yellow occur, depending on pigmentation. Never blue.

Ears

Short thick and triangular with slightly rounded tips. Carried erect, facing forwards, covered with dense short hair inside and out.

Mouth

Powerful heavy jaws with large teeth. Perfect regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips close fitting.

Neck

Short, straight, thick and very muscular.

Forequarters

Broad shoulders, well laid back. Well muscled. Forelegs straight but well developed. Dew claws permitted.

Body

Should accentuate overall power and endurance. Deep, wide well-developed chest, moderately sprung ribs and well developed loin. Level back, well-muscled throughout. Only slight tuck up. Skin thick and tough.

Hindquarters

Not higher than withers. Good turn of stifle. Legs muscular with width of thigh continuing down towards hock. From behind, legs appear straight; hocks turning neither in nor out.

Feet

Large, almost round, well arched. Thick pads with hair between the toes.

Tail

Large, bushy, set moderately high, carried up or over the back. Mature bitches may carry tails down.

Gait/Movement

Powerful, brisk trot with rear legs moving in line with front legs. Males with heavily muscular thighs may appear to move wide behind.

Coat

Thick, dense undercoat with hard stiff guard hairs. Outer coat 8-15 cms (3-6 ins). In males, a mane over shoulders and neck giving appearance of greater height and bulk than actually exists. Females have shorter coat overall.

Colour

All colours and markings allowed including solid colours. Pigmentation from black to light brown depending on coat colour. Snow nose acceptable.

Size

dogs 58-70 cms (22-27½ ins), bitches 50-60 cms (19½-23½ ins).

Weight

dogs 30-40 kgs (66-88lbs), bitches 18-30 kgs (40-66 lbs).

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Note

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Note for prospective puppy buyers

Size – the Kennel Club Breed Standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the Size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the Size measurements stated in the Breed Standard.


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