Breed Standard

Last updated February 2009

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website here http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/services/public/breed/watch for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.

General Appearance

Medium size, balanced, well muscled and agile, with erect ears and a curled or sickle tail.

Characteristics

Keen expression, showing strength and alertness, yet dignified. Originally used for hunting and guarding.

Temperament

Spirited, brave, with strong hunting instinct. Loyal to their owner.

Head and Skull

Of medium size and in proportion to the body. When viewed from above, head forms a blunt triangle without coarseness. Free of wrinkle. Definite stop, which should not be abrupt, and a slight furrow extending over the forehead. Cheeks moderately developed but without loose skin. Muzzle straight, of moderate depth. Ratio of nose to stop and stop to occiput is 2 to 3. Lips tight and black. In white dogs, flesh colour is permissible on nose and lips.

Eyes

Relatively small, almond shaped, obliquely set and placed well apart. Dark brown, clear and bright.

Ears

Medium size, triangular in shape, thick and perfectly erect. Set neither high nor low, inclining slightly forward in line with the back of the neck.

Mouth

Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Neck

Slightly arched, medium length, thick and muscular, without dewlap.

Forequarters

Shoulders strong, powerful, moderately laid back. Elbows set close to the body. Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from the front. Pasterns slightly sloping.

Body

Slightly longer, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, than height at withers. Level back, ribs well sprung with well developed brisket. Firmly muscled loin. Moderate tuck up.

Hindquarters

Strong and muscular, well developed thighs with moderate turn of stifle. Hocks strong and well let down, but with only moderate angulation, turning neither in nor out.

Feet

Cat like, very tight. Pads thick and well cushioned, turning neither in nor out. Nails strong, preferably black.

Tail

In balance with the body. Set on high, thick and carried curled or curved as a sickle. Profusely feathered.

Gait/Movement

Resilient and vigorous with strides of moderate length. At the trot, the back remains firm and level. Head carried high, but as pace increases the head is sometimes carried lower, almost at the level of the shoulders.

Coat

Outer coat coarse, straight and standing off the body with soft, dense undercoat. Coat at neck, withers and rump slightly longer than on the rest of the body. Hair on tail and thighs more profuse.

Colour

Red in various shades from deepest red to pale fawn; may have fainter markings on muzzle, cheeks, chest, belly and back.

White: may have gold tinges on ears and legs.

Black and tan: tan markings restricted to spot over each eye, cheeks, inside of ears, legs and tail.

Size

Dogs 48-53 cms (19-20 ¾ ins). Ideally 51 cms (20 ins). Bitches 46-51 cms (18-20 ins). Ideally 48 cms (19 ins).

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Note

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Note for prospective puppy buyers

Size – the Kennel Club Breed Standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the Size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the Size measurements stated in the Breed Standard.


Copyright © The Kennel Club Limited 2017. The unauthorised reproduction of text and images is strictly prohibited.