Illustration of Pomeranian

Though Britain is listed as the country of development of the Pomeranian, he is a Spitz-type dog descended from the much larger sled-hauling dogs of the Arctic. He was bred from the German Spitz before becoming known in the UK in 1870. In 1890, he entered the kennels of Queen Victoria, which popularised the breed, and the Pomeranian Club was formed the following year.

A dainty little extrovert, and the smallest of the Spitz-type of dogs, the Pomeranian is light-hearted, active, sweet-tempered and affectionate. His foxy head and abundant stand-off coat, covering his short-barrelled body, give him the appearance of a ball of fluff. Although his undercoat is soft, his outer coat texture is far from fluffy, and requires regular attention to keep it clean and attractive.

Breed Group
Vulnerable Native Breed
How much exercise?
Up to 30 minutes per day
Length of coat
How much grooming?
More than once a week
Supposedly sheds? *
Town or Country
Type of home
Minimum Garden Size
Over 12 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.

The Toy Breed Group

The Toy breeds are small companion or lap dogs. Many of the Toy breeds were bred for this capacity although some have been placed into this category simply due to their size. They should have friendly personalities and love attention. They do not need a large amount of exercise and some can be finicky eaters.

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