Illustration of Papillon

This breed has two countries listed as its home, France and Belgium, in both of which it is known as the Continental Toy Spaniel, Papillon, or, in a drop-eared version, Phalene. The erect-eared version takes its name from the French word for butterfly, while the drop-eared is named after the moth.

The Papillon was developing on the Continent at the same time as the King Charles was evolving in Britain, both deriving from the toy spaniels of the day.

The Papillon, an exquisite little toy dog, is a lively breed requiring much human companionship. He is happy, easy to teach and train and has proved himself extremely

clever in obedience. The breed can be said to be proud and extrovert. His long silky coat can be kept immaculate by regular brushing with a soft brush, and occasional combing. He has a long life-span and makes a fascinating and interesting companion.

Breed Group
Vulnerable Native Breed
How much exercise?
Up to 30 minutes per day
Length of coat
How much grooming?
More than once a week
Supposedly sheds? *
Town or Country
Type of home
Minimum Garden Size
Over 12 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.


  • Phalene

The Toy Breed Group

The Toy breeds are small companion or lap dogs. Many of the Toy breeds were bred for this capacity although some have been placed into this category simply due to their size. They should have friendly personalities and love attention. They do not need a large amount of exercise and some can be finicky eaters.

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