Breed Information Centre

King Charles Spaniel


Illustration of King Charles Spaniel

A clear relative of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, this dog is thus called because the breed was a great favourite of King Charles II. In some countries, he is known as the English Toy Spaniel. Toy spaniels have long been treasured as pets both in England and on the Continent and were bred to a smaller and smaller size from setter dogs, which established the type for spaniels. Basically these were little gun dogs, but pampered by wealthy owners, admired for their companionship and crossed with toy dogs from the East, giving rise to their facial appearance.

The King Charles Spaniel is compact, with a very distinctive domed skull, and has a wide, deep, turned-up muzzle. His large, dark eyes give him a soft, appealing expression. His long, silky coat is easily cared for, and he is clean and quiet in his habits. A true aristocrat, he is elegant and cheerful, and makes a very affectionate, devoted companion.

Breed Group
Vulnerable Native Breed
How much exercise?
Up to 30 minutes per day
Length of coat
How much grooming?
More than once a week
Supposedly sheds? *
Town or Country
Type of home
Minimum Garden Size
Over 12 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.


  • Bobtail

The Toy Breed Group

The Toy breeds are small companion or lap dogs. Many of the Toy breeds were bred for this capacity although some have been placed into this category simply due to their size. They should have friendly personalities and love attention. They do not need a large amount of exercise and some can be finicky eaters.

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