Breed Information Centre

Canadian Eskimo Dog


Illustration of Canadian Eskimo Dog

Over time, breeds vary in popularity. Often this is related to fashion but, for others, loss of function may threaten them with extinction. In the 1920s there were probably more than 20,000 Canadian Eskimo Dogs in the north of Canada. Then snowmobiles replaced sled dogs as the principal mode of transport in the Canadian Arctic areas, and by the 1970s, there were perhaps only about 200 dogs left. William Carpenter, in conjunction with the Canadian Kennel Club, set up a breeding project to rescue this Canadian breed. The breed is now more common in Canada, but elsewhere there remain very few. It gained recognition in the UK in 2000.

This is a dog built for long-distance work, not for speed, like the lighter Siberian Husky. Less heavily built than the Alaskan Malamute, he is similar to the Greenland Dog, though slightly smaller and with a different ear carriage. His working gait is a powerful trot. His thick, dense undercoat provides protection against the harsh Arctic climate.

He is very much a working breed rather than a domestic pet and in a group of dogs a ‘boss’ dog will emerge.

Breed Group
Vulnerable Native Breed
How much exercise?
More than 2 hours per day
Length of coat
How much grooming?
More than once a week
Supposedly sheds? *
Town or Country
Type of home
Large House
Minimum Garden Size
Over 10 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.

The Working Breed Group

Over the centuries these dogs were selectively bred to become guards and search and rescue dogs. Arguably, the working group consists of some of the most heroic canines in the world, aiding humans in many walks of life, including the Boxer, Great Dane and St. Bernard. This group consists of the real specialists in their field who excel in their line of work.

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