Description

Illustration of Rottweiler

It is thought that the Roman army, marching north on their campaigns, took cattle with them to provide meat and so their herding dogs accompanied them. As the herd diminished, the dogs became redundant and were often left behind. The town of Rottweil in Southwest Germany was for centuries a livestock market and the breed was developed there by cattle dealers and farmers who wanted a strong drovers' dog, which could also act as a guard dog against robbers. The mastiff-type dogs inherited from the Romans, mixed with some sheepdog blood, lead to the creation of the Rottweiler. The Rottweiler proved excellent in both disciplines, combining the athletic movement and stamina of a drovers’ dog with a courageous temperament.

Farmers on their way home from market, fearful of having their money bags stolen, attached them to a collar around the dog's neck – a very safe place as the Rottweiler is territorial and protective of his owner and his property.

Sadly, the breed has often suffered from bad press: the Rottweiler became very popular, often with those seeking a macho image. The breed needs responsible and intelligent owners who can harness the Rottweiler’s intelligence and activity. A well-trained Rottweiler makes a wonderful family companion.

In modern times the Rottweiler has been used by the armed forces and by the police.

Breed Group
Working
Vulnerable Native Breed
No
Size
Large
How much exercise?
More than 2 hours per day
Length of coat
Short
How much grooming?
Once a week
Supposedly sheds? *
Yes
Town or Country
Either
Type of home
Large House
Minimum Garden Size
Large
Lifespan
Under 10 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.

The Working Breed Group

Over the centuries these dogs were selectively bred to become guards and search and rescue dogs. Arguably, the working group consists of some of the most heroic canines in the world, aiding humans in many walks of life, including the Boxer, Great Dane and St. Bernard. This group consists of the real specialists in their field who excel in their line of work.


Copyright © The Kennel Club Limited 2017. The unauthorised reproduction of text and images is strictly prohibited.