The Kennel Club has released a summary report and breed specific
reports from its 2014 Pedigree Breed Health Survey, the results of
which will help the Kennel Club to make further evidence-based
decisions to improve dog health.
The survey was the largest of its kind, reaching out to 385,000
owners of Kennel Club registered dogs, from 215 Kennel Club
recognised dog breeds. The aim was to find the most prevalent
conditions currently affecting live dogs and the most common causes
of death and reasons for euthanasia.
Responses were received from owners of 191 breeds. These
represented 43,207 living dogs and 5,684 deceased dogs.
Over 65 per cent of live dogs were reported to have been
unaffected by any disease conditions. Where disease conditions were
reported, the most common conditions affecting live dogs were
lipoma, skin cysts, hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorders,
arthritis & otitis externa (ear infection).
The most frequently reported causes of death were old age,
unspecified cancer, unknown conditions, heart failure & kidney
failure. The average life span was 10 years.
Aimée Llewellyn, Head of Health and Research at the Kennel Club,
said: "The information collected from the survey is invaluable in
prioritising health concerns for pedigree breeds as a whole as well
as on a breed by breed basis. This will help everyone from owners
and breeders to vets and researchers identify any potentially
inherited conditions across different breeds and help
improve the health of future generations of dogs.
"These results give an idea of where progress has been made, where
it still needs to be made, and how it is best to make appropriate
The 2014 Pedigree Breed Health Survey was conducted ten years on
from the 2004 Purebred Dog Health Survey, the results of which are
available at www.thekennelclub.org.uk/vets-researchers/purebred-dog-health-survey-results.
The summary and breed specific reports are available at www.thekennelclub.org.uk/vets-researchers/pedigree-breed-health-survey-2014.
The Kennel Club hopes to publish a more in-depth study of the
results later in the year as a scientific paper.
Those visiting Crufts may visit the Kennel Club stand in Hall 3 to
find out more about the 2014 Pedigree Breed Health Survey.
Please note there were substantial differences in the way the
2014 survey was conducted compared to the Purebred Dog Health
survey, which was carried out in 2004. The 2014 survey was directed
at owners of all KC registered dogs over the past ten years and
promoted to the general dog owning public, whereas the 2004 survey
was publicised solely to breed clubs. Given the difference in
methodologies between the surveys, the data from each is not fully
comparable and differences observed do not definitively imply
changes in population parameters.
Furthermore, there were 5,864 deaths reported in the 2014 survey
compared to 15,881 deaths reported in the 2004 survey. This
significant drop reduces the likelihood of the sample accurately
representing the wider dog population, and so would likely have an
impact on median longevity figures if the two sets of data were
compared, which would not be reliable.