Under the Animal Welfare Act 2006, docking was banned in England and Wales. However an exemption was put in place for Spaniels, Terriers and Hunt, Point and Retrieve breeds that are used to work. Under the Regulations, a dog is officially a working dog if a vet has certified that the dog is likely to be used for work in connection with the following:
(1) Law Enforcement
(2) Activities of the armed force
(3) Emergency Rescue
(4) Lawful pest control
(5) Lawful shooting of animals.
Puppies of these types of dog may be docked by a veterinary surgeon providing this is done within the first five days of life, and that the owner (breeder) can prove that the puppies have been bred to work i.e. they must be able to show the vet either a gun licence or a letter from a land occupier which verifies that the owner's dogs work on his land. The puppies must also be microchipped by a veterinary surgeon. Following both of these procedures, the veterinary surgeon must sign certificates to say that the puppies were both docked and microchipped in accordance with the law.
Legally docked dogs may not be shown at events to which members of the public are admitted upon payment of a fee. Docked dogs from overseas may also not be shown at events in England or Wales to which members of the public are admitted upon payment of a fee, if they were born after the date that the law came into force (April 6th2007 in England and 28thMarch 2007 in Wales). However, dogs docked before April 6th2007 may continue to be shown at all events throughout their lives, as can all puppies born with naturally bobbed tails.
In Scotland, docking was banned completely as of 30th April 2007, unless in relation to a procedure which is carried out for the purpose of medical treatment of an animal. This means there is no exemption for working dogs to be docked. However there is no showing ban, meaning that legally docked dogs born in England, Wales or overseas, may be shown at ALL shows in Scotland.
In 2010, the Northern Ireland Assembly introduced the Welfare of Animals Act (NI) which bans the docking of dogs' tails and includes an exemption for certified working dogs of the Spaniel, Terrier and Hunt Point Retrieve Breeds. The Kennel Club has strongly opposed the creation of an offence to enter a lawfully docked dog at any show at which the public pay an entrance fee (including a car parking fee).
The Kennel Club believes the showing ban on dogs which have had their tails amputated in the best interests of their welfare is unfair and unnecessary, and has lobbied strongly against this. However, it is obliged to follow Defra regulations. The Kennel Club's main aim is to now work towards continuity in regards to the law between England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.
Last updated - November 2013