Distinguishing between clear, carrier and affected dogs
Clear dogs have no copies of the mutant gene
responsible for the condition and will neither develop the
condition nor pass the gene on to their offspring.
Carrier dogs have one copy of the normal gene
and one copy of the mutant gene; they will not develop the
condition, but will pass a mutant gene on to approximately half of
Affected dogs have two copies of the mutant
gene that causes the condition and will develop the disease.
Factor VII deficiency (FVIID)
Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS)
Musladin-Lueke Syndrome (MLS)
Neonatal cerebellar cortical degeneration (NCCD)