The Kennel Club (KC) and the British Veterinary Association (BVA) currently operate health schemes for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia and inherited eye diseases.
The schemes have been developed over more than 30 years, and aim to provide scientifically based expert opinion on these inherited conditions. The KC/BVA screening programmes help conscientious breeders to identify those dogs that are clinically free of such diseases so that the best possible choices for breeding programmes may be made.
Hip scoring and elbow grading is done only once for each dog, at a minimum age of one year, while eye examinations should, in general, be conducted annually. Dogs are certified either affected or unaffected for the eye conditions that are known to be inherited in that breed at the time of examination.
Re-examination is important as some inherited eye conditions have a later onset. All results are recorded on the Kennel Club database and published in the Kennel Club Breed Records Supplement and on progeny registration certificates. There are in excess of 30,000 results produced under the schemes each year.