BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Scheme

British Veterinary Association & The Kennel Club
 

The BVA/KC/International Sheep Dog Society (ISDS) Eye Scheme offers breeders the possibility of eye testing to screen for inherited eye disease in certain breeds. By screening breeding stock for these diseases, breeders can use the information to eliminate or reduce the frequency of eye disease being passed on to puppies.

Although any breed can be examined for eye disease, currently only the results of those breeds that appear on Schedule A of the Eye Scheme are sent to the Kennel Club for inclusion on computer records and printing in the Breed Records Supplement.

In general, the best age for eye testing is before a dog has reached one year old and thereafter on an annual basis. However, in some breeds, it is necessary to test them as young puppies (usually between six and twelve weeks of age) and so details of litter screening are also included in the literature although results of litter screening are not published.

Although any breed can be examined for eye disease, currently only the results of those breeds that appear on Schedule A of the Eye Scheme are sent to the Kennel Club for inclusion on computer records and printing in the Breed Records Supplement. To view an individual dogs health test results, why not view our Mate Select online service.

Which breeds are screened under the Scheme?

The breeds listed on the schedules are those where specific hereditary eye conditions are known or suspected. The breeds and conditions are then divided into two different categories (Schedule A and Schedule B) for different purposes.

The eye scheme currently relates to conditions involving the eye itself and not those involving the tear ducts, the eyelids or other surrounding structures. Therefore hereditary eye conditions of the lens, retina and other internal structures are listed, whilst eyelid conditions such as entropion, ectropion and distichiasis are not. These latter conditions are of importance, but because of their extremely complex nature and the paucity of scientific evidence relating to their degree of heredity, they are not included in the Scheme at present.

What are Schedules A and B of the Eye Scheme?

Schedule A lists the known inherited eye diseases in the breeds where it is considered that there is enough scientific information to show that the condition is inherited in that breed and often what the mode of inheritance is. For the breeds in Schedule A a certificate is issued with results of "affected" or "unaffected" and these results are recorded and published by the Kennel Club. Schedule B lists those breeds in which the conditions are, at this stage, only suspected of being hereditary and therefore are "under investigation".

The reason for having the Schedule B list (under investigation) is to alert breeders to a potential problem and to encourage them to have their dogs eyes examined regularly under the scheme. As a result, information can be collated and analysed as quickly as possible. In this way, an emerging condition can be detected early and dealt with properly before it becomes more widespread.

Current list of breeds on Schedule A of the Eye Scheme

Table of breeds and conditions certified (on Schedule A) under the BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Scheme

Current list of breeds on Schedule B of the Eye Scheme

Table of breeds and conditions under investigation (on Schedule B) under the BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Scheme

How do I get my dog's eyes tested under the Scheme?

There is a list available, from either the BVA or the Kennel Club, of appointed eye panellists who can issue certificates under the scheme and owners can make an appointment with one of the panellists directly or through their own veterinary surgeon. Often, breed clubs will arrange for a BVA panellist to attend their shows. This allows many dogs to be examined on one occasion and may save time and money.

Owners of Kennel Club registered dogs must have the relevant documents with them at the time of testing to qualify for an eye test under the scheme. Wherever possible, any previous eye certificates issued for the dog should also be provided. The panellist will examine the dog, issue an eye certificate and inform the owner of the result at the time of examination. A copy of the certificate will be sent to the BVA and to the owner's veterinary surgeon.

There is a time limit of 30 days and a set procedure for appealing against the result of an eye examination under the scheme.

What are the costs involved?

Routine Eye Examination

Cost ex VAT per dog

Cost inc VAT

1st dog

£45.83

£55

Extra dogs in same ownership

£40.42

£48.50

Group testing (25 or more)

£31.67

£38

Examination of dogs over 8 years

£26.67

£32

Gonioscopy per dog - no discount for more than one

£45.83

£55

Gonioscopy at time of routine examination

£40.42 £48.50

Litter screening (5 to 12 weeks)

Cost ex VAT per dog

Cost inc VAT

1 to 3 puppies

£27.50

£33 per litter

Per puppy thereafter

£9.17

£11 per puppy

Duplicate copy of certificate

£30

£36


Where can I get more information?

Free, detailed leaflets can be download here, or are available from either: Health & Breeder Services Department, The Kennel Club, 1-5 Clarges St, Piccadilly, London W1J 8AB or the Canine Health Schemes Department, BVA, 7 Mansfield Street, London W1G 9NQ.

For further information on the schemes please visit the  BVA website.

Version suitable for printing

Related Topics

Dog HealthEye SchemeHealth Schemes

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