The Kennel Club (KC) and the British Veterinary Association
(BVA) currently operate health schemes for hip dysplasia, elbow
dysplasia and inherited eye diseases.
The schemes have been developed over more than 30 years, and aim
to provide scientifically based expert opinion on these inherited
conditions. The KC/BVA screening programmes help conscientious
breeders to identify those dogs that are clinically free of such
diseases so that the best possible choices for breeding programmes
may be made.
Hip scoring and elbow grading is done only once for each dog, at
a minimum age of one year, while eye examinations should, in
general, be conducted annually. Dogs are certified either affected
or unaffected for the eye conditions that are known to be inherited
in that breed at the time of examination.
Re-examination is important as some inherited eye conditions
have a later onset. All results are recorded on the Kennel Club
database and published in the Kennel Club Breed Records Supplement
and on progeny registration certificates. There are in excess of
30,000 results produced under the schemes each year.