Prior approval is not necessary to register a litter produced by
AI provided that all of the following comply, and that the AI
involves non surgical insemination:
Requirements for registration following AI
- All litters produced by AI will be subject to existing Kennel
Club registration regulations.
- The General Committee will not normally accept an application
to register an AI litter if the donor male is alive and domiciled
in the United Kingdom, with one exception namely, that Irish
Wolfhounds of 8.5 years or older and domiciled in the UK may be
used as donors in AI.
- In the case of sterile dogs which have become sterile simply
due to general degeneration, Committee will accept applications but
normally only if the dog is over 12 years age (or 8.5 years for
Irish Wolfhounds) and with appropriate veterinary support.
- Maiden sires / dams - litters produced by AI from maiden dogs
or bitches may be registered, but the Kennel Club will not register
a litter produced by AI from one of their progeny, unless the said
progeny has already produced at least one registered litter
naturally or the sire/dam subsequently produces a litter naturally
post the AI litter.
If none of these conditions is breached, then the owner need
only ensure that the AI form (Form
2) is completed and submitted along with the litter application form (Form 1)
at the time of registration.
If however the AI application does not satisfy
all of these requirements, then individual cases
will have to be made and registration will be at the discretion of
the Kennel Club General Committee. If the submission involves the
use of surgical insemination, the case must be
accompanied by a declaration from a veterinary surgeon as to why
this particular procedure is/was necessary.
Methods of Insemination
There are two general methods adopted for insemination:
a) Non-surgical, which is usually done trans-cervically using a
catheter and/or an endoscope
b) Surgical, requiring general anaesthesia
These approaches have different 'welfare debts' for the bitch
being inseminated. It is generally considered that the 'welfare
debts' of the non-surgical methods are extremely low and so the
benefits from using AI need not be too large to justify the use of
this technology to achieve insemination. For this reason, the
Kennel Club will allow registration of AI litters produced from
non-surgical approaches, provided that all of the above
requirements are met.
The Kennel Club is advised by the Royal College of Veterinary
Surgeons that surgical insemination as described in b), has "many
disadvantages for the bitch", and so has a higher 'welfare debt'.
This means that the benefits accrued from its use will have to be
considerable to offset this 'welfare debt'. The RCVS advises
veterinary surgeons that surgical AI is justified "only for
exceptional reasons", and requires the vet to "record in the
bitch's clinical records why trans-cervical insemination is not a
practical option and the justification for the invasive
The Kennel Club will therefore require justification of the net
benefit to the bitch in conceiving as a result of this "invasive
Any questions on these procedures should be addressed to the Health & Breeder